How do you choose the right system? (Portable or table top)
There are two different types of nebulizer machines that are offered - a hand-held nebulizer or a portable nebulizer which can be carried around with you at all times, or a table top nebulizer which is used only in your home.
- 1. Portable Nebulizer - For the people that are always on the go a portable nebulizer with help to give you some peace and security knowing that you have an emergency system with you. A hand-held nebulizer is small in its size, runs on battery power, and provides portability in a convenient way. Since it is small enough it can easily fit into your bag or even a purse while you are on the go.
- 2. Table Top - For the people that are not a frequent traveler and usually wish to be more economical, then going for a table top machine is probably the best choice for you. The table top machine is larder in its size and will only work after being placed on a stable surface like a table and is plugged into wall outlet. It tends to be more versatile.
Piston pump compressor or ultrasonic?
Deciding which it to use also depends on what type of compression you would like. The choices you have are either a piston pump compressor (also know as jet/aerosol) or ultrasonic. Both of these compression types are clinically effective and are available in both portable and table top versions. The difference is in the features.
- 1. Piston Pump Compressor - The piston pump type compressor is usually the more common type. It uses a piston-powered compressor to deliver the medicated vapor. A usual complaint with this type is that it is noisy when compared to the ultrasonic but it is less expensive. This is the more popular choice in medical facilities.
- 2. Ultrasonic - These (also know as mesh portable nebulizers) are quiet and generally more used when treating cystic fibrosis. These employ a high frequency ultrasonic or sound waves to convert the medication into a breathable vapor. The delivery of the medication is usually faster because the aerosol particles are tinier and more consistent in their size.
Why do I need breathing treatments?
Breathing treatments are used to treat the swelling of your airways, cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath. These can be caused by any of the following:
1.Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and COPD
2.Lung infections, such as pneumonia
3.Severe allergic reactions
How do I use it?
After being prescribed your doctor will tell you how often you need to use your machine. You can ask your doctor if there are any specific instructions with your treatment. You also need to read the manual that comes with your specific machine. Here are the general instructions for how to you a portable nebulizer machine:
1.Make sure that the compressor is on a flat surface where it can safely reach a wall outlet.
2.Make sure that all of the pieces are clean.
3.Wash your hands before you prep the medication.
4.Place your medication on the counter if it is pre-mixed. If you have to mix it, make sure that you measure the correct amount and then place it in the container.
5.Connect the tube to the compressor and the medication container.
6.Attach the mask or the mouthpiece.
7.Turn on the machine and make sure that the machine is putting out a mist.
8.Bring the mask over your nose and mouth or place your mouth around the mouthpiece, make sure to leave no gaps.
9.Slowly breathe in and out until all of the medication is gone. It may take from five to 15 minutes.
10.Keep the container with liquid upright throughout the entire treatment.
How does it work?
Pressurized air goes through the tube which turns the medication into a vapor. During an asthma attack or a respiratory infection, the vapor may be easier to inhale than the spray from a pocket inhaler. When your airways become narrow - like during an asthma attack - you are not able to take deep breaths. For this reason, using a portable nebulizer is a far more effective way to deliver the medicine than from an inhaler, which requires you to take a deep breath. It can deliver long-acting (prevention) or short-acting (rescue) asthma medication therapy. As well as, more than one medication can be taken during the same treatment. Some of the medications are:
Your doctor will decide which medications you will have to take based on your needs. The type of medication and the dose of the medication are prescribed by your doctor. You may get the pre-mixed medications, or you will have to mix the solution yourself before each use.
How do I clean and care for it?
You need to clean your machine after each use and disinfect after every other treatment. It must be cleaned since you are breathing in the vapors from the machine. If you do not clean it properly bacteria and other germs can grow inside. You have to follow your healthcare provider's directions for cleaning and disinfecting so that you do not end up breathing harmful germs. The tubing should be replaced regularly since you cannot clean inside of the tubing.
1.Take off the mouthpiece or mask and remove the medicine container. Wash all pieces with hot water and a mild dish soap.
2.Shake off all of the extra water.
3.Reconnect the pieces. Turn on the device to air dry.
1.Take off all of the detachable parts.
- Soak them in the solution provided by your doctor or one part white vinegar and three parts hot water.
3.Let the parts soak for one hour, or as long as instructed.
4.Remove the parts and let them air dry or dry by the machine.
Check with your doctor to make sure that you are correctly cleaning and disinfecting.
1.You don't have to take deep breaths, which makes them easier to use when you are having an asthma attack.
2.You can use multiple medications at once.
3.It is easier to use with children.
1.They are not as easy to transport.
2.They often need a stationary power source.
3.Inhaling the medication takes longer.
Differences between nebulizers and inhalers
Nebulizers and inhalers are similar in some ways - they both deliver medicine directly into the lungs. However, there are important differences. There are two types of inhalers: a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) and a dry-power inhaler. An MDI is the most common inhaler. When using one you are inhaling a pre-measured amount of medicine through the mouthpiece. Some have a space, which can make it easier to inhale the medication.
A dry-powder inhaler is similar, but the medication is a powder inside the inhaler. You have to take deep, fast breaths, which pulls the powered medication deep into your lungs. Both types require you to be able to take deep breaths. This can be a problem for some severe respiratory diseases. Portable nebulizers tend to be easier on the lungs when delivering the medication. However, it can take up to 10 minutes to dispense the medication, and the user has to sit still until it is finished, which can for hard for children. Also, nebulizers are not as portable, and can be difficult to carry around.